Shapwick Heath National Nature Reserve
This magnificent and varied nature reserve covers over 500 ha at the heart of the Avalon Marshes (part of Somerset’s Levels and Moors). Shapwick Heath National Nature Reserve (NNR) is part of an area that’s steeped in history and is a superb place to watch wildlife, whether it’s an elusive bittern, an otter lurking in the reed beds, or the swirling flocks of starlings that come to roost in winter.
Habitats include lush wildflower meadows; water filled rhynes; damp, secretive fens; shady, wet fern woods; and open water, fringed with rustling reed-beds. It’s this mix which makes the reserve so rich in wildlife. Over 60 different species of birds nest at Shapwick, including Cetti’s warbler and great-crested grebes, while dragonflies and butterflies abound in the summer including the impressive white admiral. Mammals also thrive at Shapwick, including water voles, lesser horseshoe bats and, of course, otters.
Like much of the Avalon Marshes Shapwick Heath is a landscape formed from peat. In the 1960s the Peat Industry removed huge quantities of peat by machine for horticultural use. This has since been transformed into the landscape of lakes, reed-beds, fens and woodland which we see today.
The Sweet Track
Around 6,000 years ago, Neolithic people lived on the higher, dry ground around what is now Shapwick Heath, and built wooden trackways to cross what was reed swamp. The most important of these, the Sweet Track still exists on the reserve, preserved in the wet peat below. You can walk along the line of the Sweet Track and see a replica section heading off into the reeds as it did all that time ago.
Shapwick Heath today
Shapwick Heath is now a National Nature Reserve cared for by Natural England. The reserve is very close to the Avalon Marshes Centre and adjoins Catcott, Ham Wall and Shapwick Moor nature reserves. It has a good network of tracks, hides and viewing areas.
The principal features are:
- Hides located in key locations – see map
- Architect designed Tower Hide
- Shared cycle/foot path running through the heart of the reserve (the Bittern Trail) (no dogs allowed), which links to Ham Wall National Nature Reserve and Glastonbury
- Sweet Track Trail – With replica track-ways
- Discovery Trail – Easy access trail for families and wheelchairs
- Footpath link with Shapwick Moor nature reserve via Canada lake entrance
- Regular news on the Friends of Shapwick Heath Facebook
- You get a better view full screen – click on the top right icon – the “square”
- Now use the menu, click on name see where the feature is and find out more
- Or, click on the flags to find out what the feature is.
- Want Map View? Go to the bottom of the menu, click the box.
- Use the + and – to zoom in and out
Western/Sweet Track entrance 400m from Avalon Marshes Centre: BA6 9TT (takes you within half mile north of AMC); Grid ref ST 425 414; what3words: cave.logbook.icon
Eastern/’Ashcott Corner’ entrance (opposite RSPB Ham Wall): BA6 9SX (takes you just south of entrance); Grid ref ST 449 396; what3words: stick.daisy.outsmart
Open to the public all the year round.
Nearest car parks: see map above (please read notes on each). The ‘Ashcott Corner’ car park has a height barrier. Parking by voluntary donation via mobile phone: £1.50 for the first two hours, £3.00 for the day, holders of a Natural England parking permit and blue badge holders for free. Be aware that there have been break-ins at this car park and the lay-by at the western entrance to the reserve.
Hides and trails
Several hides – see map above for further information about the hides. A variety of paths and trails – Downloadable Map of Shapwick Heath
Two disabled access trails. There are barriers at either end of the reserve which may restrict some mobility vehicles. Please contact us ahead of your visit if necessary and we will help wherever we can.
At the Avalon Marshes Centre and RSPB Ham Wall.
No dogs allowed on the main area of the reserve (the area between Shapwick Road and Ashcott Road). Registered assistance dogs are allowed in all areas.